CRITERIA BASED APPROACH IN NSG MEMBERSHIP

nuclear omerIn the current situation of the world for a country like Pakistan who has enemies like India it’s compulsory for such country to keep nuclear weapons to be of the safer side. Pakistan nuclear program is moved on by the moves of the countries from which Pakistan have threat i.e India. If they upgrade their nuclear program, it will be obvious for us to raise our nuclear program as well.

Now coming to the latest issue of NSG, once again to maintain strategic stability if India gets entry into NSG then it will become a compulsion for Pakistan to also become a member of NSG. India has accumulated uranium through deals with Australia, Canada and other countries based on NSG exemption, which has created pressure on Pakistan to maintain deterrence equilibrium against India. India is a hyper country where a major terrorist attack in India might lead to a large-scale military assault on Pakistan, which then could lead to a nuclear war in one of the world’s most populous regions which means if Pakistan’s strategic interests are threatened, in return it will shake the strategic balance in South Asia, and even cast a cloud over peace and stability in the entire Asia-Pacific region.

Now the question rises why Pakistan need NSG membership? Pakistan needs NSG membership as priority for socio-economic development and technological advancement of country. By joining NSG Pakistan can access the nuclear materials that are not manufactured in Pakistan. The country manufactures heavy water, nuclear manipulators, managing steel and zirconium, but not in enough abundance to export it. Moreover Pakistan can surely benefit from NSG membership by trading nuclear materials with the International community. Pak enclosure will also prove to be economically beneficial. Moreover Pak has expertise, manpower; infrastructure as well as ability to supply NSG controlled items. Good and services for a full range of nuclear applications for peaceful purposes.

Pakistan deserves to become member of NSG as Pakistan Nuclear Program is under International Atomic Energy Agency safeguards. Pakistan Civil Nuclear facilities are under IAEA Safeguards. Pak has never violated its peaceful uses obligations in relation to item and materials transferred to it internationally.

Now the question rises what are the threats to Pakistan if India becomes the member of NSG. If India becomes a NSG member, then it can block Pakistan’s entry into the organization by its use of the exclusive veto power and can further prevent any steps which might prove beneficial for Pakistan. India’s inclusion will prevent Pakistan to play its cards for more nuclear stockpiles and Pak would need a nuclear deal similar to the US-India Civil Nuclear Agreement and admit it to NSG.

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